Question 1: What is the council doing for this group?

Now that you’ve started working through the council sites and plans for Assignment #2, the Case Study, I want
to provide some pointers for you about writing up the case study.
[1] The assessment question
• Investigate and evaluate how a local council has implemented place-based inclusive planning and social
justice with regard to a specific social or cultural group. Choose ONE local council and then choose ONE
social group identified for inclusive planning by the council. Briefly discuss and evaluate the strategies
(e.g. programs, policies, practices) that have been engaged by the council in order to help include this
group in the local community and public space. Your analysis should consider the following questions:
o What inclusive planning strategies (e.g. programs, policies, practices) has the council implemented
to facilitate the inclusion of this group?
o Do you think these strategies are effective in promoting inclusion per the NSW social justice
o What could be done to further strengthen the strategies?
• The case study length is 750 words; the reference list is not included in the count.
• Again: you only choose ONE group in ONE council.
[2] The purpose of this assessment
• While the Analytical Essay (assessment #1) primed you to ‘recognise’ place-based inclusion/exclusion on the
basis of social and cultural difference, the Case Study asks you to investigate real world implantation of
place-based inclusive planning and social justice. In NSW, under the requirements of the Local Government
Act 1993 and the NSW Office for Local Government, local councils must implement a Community Strategic
Plan in consultation with their local communities. This framework includes provisions for the
accommodation of social/cultural difference. The plan – and the programs and strategies implemented in
the plan – must be based on the NSW principle of social justice (equity, access, participation, rights) and
work towards their realisation in social inclusion and cohesion.
• This assessment therefore addresses the teaching and learning aims of both parts of the unit – ‘Thinking
Geographically’ and ‘Planning for Diversity’ – as well as putting the ethics of spatial justice into practice.
• This assessment complements and builds on the Analytical Essay (understanding concepts) by asking you to
identify and analyse a ‘real world’, pragmatic example of accommodating social difference in Sydney in
relation to NSW social justice principles and social planning goals.
• This assignment therefore primes you to examine how local councils have sought to address social justice
principles of access, equity, participation and rights; and asks you to apply learned concepts (e.g.
intersectionality, spatial justice) in the analysis and evaluation of ‘real world’ issues.
[3] Marking criteria
• A detailed marking rubric for this assessment is available as an attachment on the Assessment #2 site in
vUWS. I recommended that you refer to this when preparing your assessment – it sets out the criteria that
we’ll be looking at for marking. This criteria includes content and structure:
o Evidence of relevant reading
o Selecting and evaluating the case study
o Demonstrated engagement with literature
o Structure
o Referencing
o Readability
[4] Writing the case study
• You don’t have to write the Case Study up in the style of a formal essay (with an introduction, body and
conclusion) but I do expect a logical sequence of information that generates an analysis and an argument.
• There are therefore a couple of ways you could reasonably structure the Case Study:
o In a narrative style similar to an essay;
o As a report with sections and sub-headings, which would logically follow the questions – i.e.
‘Strategies’, ‘Effectiveness’, ‘Improvements’;
• Depending on how you structure the Case Study, it is suitable to use dot points in some parts rather than
full, essay-style paragraphs.
[5] Answering the questions
• Reading the four questions, hopefully you can tell that you will be able to most effectively demonstrate your
capacity for analysis and evaluation in questions 2 and 3. Question 1 is about finding and identifying
information, questions 2 and 3 are about analysis and evaluation.
• Question 1: What is the council doing for this group? By strategies (e.g. programs, policies, practices), I just
mean you should try to capture and list all the different initiatives being undertaken by the council. These
might include policies or plans that sit alongside the Community Strategic Plan; they might include
consultation forums; they might include activities and events supported by the council; they might include
resources offered by the council; they might include advisory councils. Just list them. There’s no need to
explain the difference between a policy and a practice! Don’t even worry about the word count here as I
won’t count it – questions 2 and 3 are the critical ones.
• Question 2: Once you’ve identified the group and the council strategies, this question asks you to consider
if you think these initiatives are effective in promoting inclusion. How do you do this? What I want you to
do is to think about the initiatives in the context of the NSW social justice principles – equity, access,
participation, rights – which are intended to be the basis of social planning (in fact, all strategic planning) in
NSW. I went through these in the lecture, and you can read about them in the documents linked to the
lecture site too. Apart from that, I’ve talked about spatial justice as an important ethic for social change at
length! The aim of the NSW social justice principles is to promote social inclusion and cohesion in the local
community. So, do you think the council programs for your chosen group do this? Do you think they promote
equity, access, participation and rights? An example of equity would be supplying specific resources for a
group (e.g. a courtesy bus for seniors); an example of access is providing special means for a group to access
council information and assistance (e.g. Auslan services for Deaf people; information sheets in multiple
languages for CALD people); participation particularly refers to opportunities for community consultation
on council plans and programs, so an example of participation is hosting consultation or feedback forums
(e.g. a Youth Council, an LGTBTI Community Consultation Forum); and rights refers to recognising a group
has been disadvantaged and needs particular attention, so an example of rights would be specific policies
or strategies written for particular groups (e.g. a Youth Strategy; a Women’s Policy; an Ageing Strategy). So
you just have to consider: are the social justice principles being met? Are some being met but others not?
Is consultation ongoing?
• Question 3: This question should then flow logically from question 2: once you’ve assessed against the NSW
social justice principles, what can be done to improve the strategies, etc, for the group? Here, I’m
particularly hoping you will consider this question in light of social justice principles and in light of unit
concepts (which, as I noted, are in planning documents) such as intersectionality. For instance, a council
might have a range of programs for the LGBTI community, but do they consider ethnic or age differences
within that community; do they consider how ageing needs or coming from an NESB background might
create particular difficulties? Another form of improvement in light of social justice goals for inclusion and
cohesion might be recognition through encounter – so consider if the council promotes opportunities for
encounter and meaningful interaction between the target group and the ‘general community’ or other
target groups. For instance, are youth only treated as an isolated group, or do the programs also seek to
provide opportunities for dialogue between youth and the wider community?


Question 1: What is the council doing for this group?

The council has implemented a number of strategies to promote inclusion for the LGBTI community. These include:

Providing funding for LGBTI-specific programs and services. The council provides funding for a variety of programs and services that support the LGBTI community, including:
A youth drop-in center
A counseling service
A housing service
A legal service
A community center
Creating safe spaces for the LGBTI community. The council has created a number of safe spaces for the LGBTI community, including:
A rainbow crosswalk
A rainbow flagpole
A LGBTI-friendly library
A LGBTI-friendly park
Promoting awareness of LGBTI issues. The council promotes awareness of LGBTI issues through a variety of channels, including:
A website
A social media presence
Public education campaigns
Community events
Question 2: Do you think these initiatives are effective in promoting inclusion?

I believe that these initiatives are effective in promoting inclusion for the LGBTI community. They provide much-needed resources and support to the community, and they help to create a more welcoming and inclusive environment.

In particular, I think the funding for LGBTI-specific programs and services is essential. These programs and services provide a safe space for LGBTI people to meet, socialize, and get the support they need. They also help to break down stereotypes and educate the wider community about LGBTI issues.

The creation of safe spaces for the LGBTI community is also important. These spaces provide a place where LGBTI people can feel comfortable and accepted. They can also be used to organize and advocate for LGBTI rights.

Finally, I think the promotion of awareness of LGBTI issues is important. This helps to raise awareness of the challenges that LGBTI people face, and it can help to create a more accepting and inclusive society.

Question 3: What can be done to improve the strategies, etc, for the group?

I believe that there are a number of things that can be done to improve the strategies for promoting inclusion for the LGBTI community. These include:

Continuing to fund LGBTI-specific programs and services. These programs and services are essential to the well-being of the LGBTI community.
Creating more safe spaces for the LGBTI community. There is a need for more safe spaces where LGBTI people can feel comfortable and accepted.
Continuing to promote awareness of LGBTI issues. This is essential to creating a more accepting and inclusive society.
Working with other organizations to promote inclusion. The council can work with other organizations, such as the LGBTI community, to develop and implement strategies for promoting inclusion.

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