Internalizing Problems (E.G., Anxiety, Depression)

Internalizing Problems (E.G., Anxiety, Depression)
APA References Assignment

First, list the topic you have chosen.

Topic: Internalizing Problems (E.G., Anxiety, Depression)

Next, you will need to find four peer-reviewed journal articles published in 2010 or later. Each article should describe an empirical study. This means that the authors are describing findings from a new study. Review articles (those that summarize existing research on a topic) will NOT be accepted for this assignment. Make sure that each article you choose has a Method section, a Results section, and a Discussion section. Each article should correspond to one of four periods of the lifespan: (1) infancy, (2) childhood, (3) adolescence, and (4) adulthood.

You can access journal articles through MTSU’s library (https://library.mtsu.edu/home) using the “Scholarly Articles” tab or you can select “Databases A-Z,” click “P” and use “PsycINFO” or “PsycARTICLES.” Another option is to use Google Scholar (https://scholar.google.com/). For each search, you should use at least two search terms, which represent (1) your topic and (2) one of the four life stages (i.e., infant, child, adolescent, or adult). You may want to also include a third search term representing a domain of development that you are interested in (e.g., “physical health,” “cognitive functioning”, “and emotion regulation”). The library has several resources and videos that may be useful: https://library.mtsu.edu/tutorials.

Once you have chosen your four articles, you will need to closely read the Method section of each article to answer the following questions. For question #1, you should describe what the researchers used to measure your topic (e.g., a questionnaire or some other assessment). Be specific – for instance, if a questionnaire was used, you should state the name of the After you’ve chosen your four articles, read the Method section of each one carefully to answer the following questions. In response to question #1, describe how the researchers measured your topic (e.g., a questionnaire or some other assessment). Be specific – for example, if a questionnaire was used, state the name of the questionnaire or describe what it assessed. #2 requires you to describe at least one other variable from the Measures section. You do not need to list all of the measures in the study; only list the one(s) that pique your interest and that you intend to discuss in your final paper. For #3, you should include the ages of the participants when your topic was measured, as well as the ages of the participants when the other variable(s) of interest were measured. At least one of these ages must be within the developmental period.questionnaire or describe what the questionnaire assessed. For #2, you should describe at least one other variable listed in the Measures subsection. You do not need to list all of the measures in the study; only list the one(s) you are most interested in and plan to describe in your final paper. For #3, you should list the ages of the participants when your topic was measured and/or the age when the other variable(s) of interest were measured. At least one of these ages must fall in the designated developmental period.

Make sure that each of your articles meet the following characteristics: (1) published in a peer-reviewed journal, (2) published since 2010, and (3) is an empirical study (NOT a review paper).

Infancy – list title of article & DOI link: _Trajectories of Pure and Co-occurring Internalizing and
Externalizing Problems from Age 2 To Age 12: Findings from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care.
https://doi.org/10.1037/a0020659

1. How did the researchers measure your topic?
telephone interview of Externalizing and Internalizing Problems and risk factors

2. What other variable(s) did the researchers examine in relation to your topic?
Early Adolescent Behavioral and Social Adjustment Variables

3. Age(s) at which relevant variables are measured: Age 2 to Age 12

Childhood – list title of article & DOI link:
The Long War and Parental Combat Deployment: Effects on Military Children and At-Home Spouses. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2010.01.003

1. How did the researchers measure your topic? interview on Effects on Military Children and At-Home Spouses.

2. What other variable(s) did the researchers examine in relation to your topic? Child adjustment outcomes were examined in relation to parental psychological distress and months of combat deployment (of the AD) using mixed effects linear models.

3. Age(s) at which relevant variables are measured: 3-8 years old

Adolescence– list title of article & DOI link:
Harsh discipline relates to internalizing problems and cognitive functioning: findings from a cross-sectional study with schoolchildren in Tanzania.
http;//doi.org/10.1186/s12888-016-0828-3

1. How did the researchers measure your topic? clinical interview

2. What other variable(s) did the researchers examine in relation to your topic? Maltreatment and Abuse Chronology of Exposure.

3. Age(s) at which relevant variables are measured: 6 – 15 years old

Adulthood – list title of article & DOI link:
Internalizing Mental Health Disorders and Emotion Regulation: A Comparative and Mediational Study of Older Adults With and Without a History of Complex Trauma Exposure.
https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.820345

1. How did the researchers measure your topic? Interview on complex trauma, emotion regulation, internalizing mental health disorders, and covariates

2. What other variable(s) did the researchers examine in relation to your topic? Complex Trauma Exposure, Internalizing Mental Health Disorders and emotional regulation.

3. Age(s) at which relevant variables are measured: adults above 50 years old

Finally, you should include an APA-7 style reference list on the next page. Resources for creating an APA-7 style reference list are posted on D2L. Be sure to include all 4 references, in alphabetical order by the first author’s last name.

References
Fanti, K. A., & Henrich, C. C. (2010). Trajectories of pure and co-occurring internalizing and externalizing problems from age 2 to age 12: Findings from the national institute of child health and human development study of Early child care. Developmental Psychology, 46(5), 1159. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0020659
Hecker, T., Hermenau, K., Salmen, C., Teicher, M., & Elbert, T. (2016). Harsh discipline relates to internalizing problems and cognitive functioning: Findings from a cross-sectional study with school children in Tanzania. BMC Psychiatry, 16(1), 1-9. http;//doi.org/10.1186/s12888-016-0828-3
Lester, P., Peterson, K., Reeves, J., Knauss, L., Glover, D., Mogil, C., & Beardslee, W. (2010). The long war and parental combat deployment: Effects on military children and at-home spouses. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 49(4), 310-320. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2010.01.003
Pfluger, V., Rohner, S. L., Eising, C. M., Maercker, A., & Thoma, M. V. (2022). Internalizing mental health disorders and emotion regulation: A comparative and mediational study of older adults with and without a history of complex trauma exposure. Frontiers in Psychology, 13. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.820345

Internalizing Problems (e.g., anxiety,
depression)

Part 2 – Research Paper: Your final paper should include exactly 6 paragraphs (described below). There is no page length or word requirement, but each paragraph should contain at least 5 sentences. The entire paper should be double-spaced.

Your introductory paragraph should define your topic, citing at least one additional article that was not previously submitted in the first portion of the assignment. This can be a review article or an empirical study, but it must be a peer-reviewed journal article.

The body of your paper should summarize each of the four articles that you described on the APA References Worksheet. You should have one paragraph per article describing infancy, childhood, adolescence, and adulthood – in that order. Remember to cite the relevant article in each paragraph, using APA-7 format. In each paragraph, you should briefly describe the research question/hypotheses, the population being studied (including age), the method used to answer the research question, the most important results that pertain to your topic, and what the findings mean. You should focus on implications regarding how your topic affects
development; do not discuss other findings from the study that do not involve your topic.

Next, you should have a concluding paragraph summarizing the findings. You should reflect on any similarities or differences you observed in how your topic affects development across the
lifespan. Be careful not to overgeneralize – you’re only describing one article for each life stage; do not pretend to know everything about how your topic affects development.

The final page(s) of your paper should be your list of References in APA-7 format. This includes 2the four references previously submitted, as well as any additional references cited in your paper (a minimum of 5 references total).

Important notes to consider:
• Review the feedback on Part 1 of this assignment before starting on the paper. You may need to find new articles and/or edit your reference list. Ask me if you have questions.

• This is a research paper, which means that most sentences should be describing research, not your opinion or perspective. Cite your sources throughout your paper. Since this paper requires you to reference only one article per paragraph, you should cite the source at the first mention of the article and again at the end of the paragraph
when you have finished describing the study. If you cite more than one source in a paragraph, you should use a citation in every sentence in which an article is described.

• Be careful not to plagiarize. This includes re-stating individual sentences from the article but replacing certain words with synonyms. Instead, you should summarize the relevant parts of the research studies in your own words. TurnItIn software will be used; any
instances of plagiarism will result in significant point deductions or a zero (0) grade.

• Do NOT use direct quotes in the body of your paper. You may use one (1) direct quote in the introductory paragraph, if you wish, to define your topic. Any direct quotes used in the body of your paper will result in point deductions.

• HEADS UP: It is your responsibility to make sure you have a reliable computer and Internet connection when uploading assignments. I strongly suggest saving your paper in multiple places (e.g., Dropbox, One Drive, a portable drive, etc.). Technological difficulties are not appropriate excuses for missing this assignment, so plan ahead.

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