Select an existing healthcare program or policy evaluation or choose one of interest to you.
Review community, state, or federal policy evaluation and reflect on the criteria used to measure the effectiveness of the program or policy described.
Post an evaluation topic and a brief description of the evaluation. Discuss how social determinants impact this issue.
please provide at least 3 references!
Evaluation Topic: Evaluation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA)
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) is a federal healthcare policy enacted in 2010 that aimed to improve access to healthcare services, reduce healthcare costs, and improve the overall quality of healthcare in the United States. The ACA introduced several provisions, including Medicaid expansion, individual mandate, and the establishment of health insurance exchanges, among others. This evaluation aims to assess the effectiveness of the ACA in achieving its goals and improving healthcare outcomes for individuals and communities.
Criteria used to measure the effectiveness of the ACA:
The number of uninsured individuals before and after the ACA implementation
The change in healthcare costs for individuals and families
The impact of ACA provisions on healthcare quality and outcomes
The extent to which the ACA has improved access to healthcare services for vulnerable populations
The overall impact of the ACA on the healthcare system and the economy
Social determinants of health that impact the evaluation of the ACA:
Income and socio-economic status: Access to healthcare services and insurance coverage may be limited for low-income individuals, making it harder to assess the effectiveness of the ACA in improving access to care and reducing costs.
Education and health literacy: Individuals with lower levels of education and health literacy may face challenges in understanding the ACA provisions and how to access healthcare services.
Race and ethnicity: Racial and ethnic minorities may face systemic barriers to accessing healthcare services and may experience health disparities, making it essential to evaluate the ACA’s impact on reducing health disparities.
Sommers, B. D., Maylone, B., Blendon, R. J., & Orav, E. J. (2017). Three-Year Impacts Of The Affordable Care Act: Improved Medical Care And Health Among Low-Income Adults. Health Affairs, 36(6), 1119-1128.
Artiga, S., & Hinton, E. (2021). Beyond the ACA: A Look at the Biden Administration’s Health Care Priorities. KFF.
Long, S. K., & Karpman, M. (2020). Effects of the Affordable Care Act on health care access and self-assessed health: Evidence from national surveys of adults. Health Services Research, 55(2), 307-316.