Change theory by Kurt lewin

Change theory by Kurt lewin
• Kurt Lewin (1890-1947) is regarded as the father of social psychology. • He was born in Germany and later moved to the United States.
His writings on group dynamics, group therapy, and social psychology are well known.

Kurt Lewin introduced his field theory concepts, emphasizing the fact that the group is more than the sum of its parts.

In 1939, Lewin coined the term “group dynamics.”

According to his field theory, “one’s behavior is related to both one’s personal characteristics and the social situation in which one finds oneself.”
Lewin’s theory of change
• His model of the change process in human systems was his most influential theory.
• Kurt Lewin proposed a three-stage change model known as the unfreezing-change-refreeze model, which requires prior knowledge to be rejected and replaced.
• According to Lewin’s theory, behavior is “a dynamic balance of forces acting in opposing directions.”
Motivating factors
• Driving forces are forces that push in the direction of change.
• Driving forces facilitate change by pushing people in the desired direction and causing a shift in the equilibrium toward change.
Constriction forces
• Restraining forces are forces that act in opposition to driving forces.
• Restraining forces obstruct change by pushing the person in the opposite direction. • Restraining forces cause a shift in the equilibrium, which opposes change.
• Equilibrium is a state in which driving forces equal restraining forces and no change occurs.
• Changes in the driving and restraining forces can cause equilibrium to rise or fall.
There are three distinct and critical stages:
1. “defrosting”
• Unfreezing is the process of discovering a way to allow people to let go of an old pattern that was counterproductive in some way.
• It is necessary to unfreeze in order to overcome the strains of individual resistance and group conformity.

Unfreezing can be accomplished using one of three methods.
• To begin, strengthen the driving forces that steer behavior away from the current situation or status quo.
• Second, reduce the restraining forces that impede movement away from the existing equilibrium.
• Finally, find a way to combine the two methods listed above.
2. “moving to a higher level or changing”
• This stage entails a process of change in thoughts, feelings, behavior, or all three that is more liberating or productive in some way.
3. the term “refreezing”
• Refreezing establishes the change as a new habit, making it the “standard operating procedure.”
• Without this stage of refreezing, it is easy to revert to old habits.
• It is critical to analyze the driving and restraining forces before implementing a planned change. – I need writing help with my dissertation – cheap thesis writing services

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